High Gain Antenna Gimbal (HGAG) for the rover Perseverance of the Mars 2020 mission
Sener Aerospace and Defense is responsible for the Medium Gain Antenna Major Assembly (MGAMA) sub-system. A medium-gain dual-axis steerable antenna assembly that provides main uplink and downlink communications between the JUICE spacecraft and Earth, sending information and receiving commands from the control center.
This subsystem includes the antenna’s main reflector, secondary reflector, feeder, a mast or boom, rotating joints, pointing mechanism, control electronics and all interconnection cabling, among others.
The medium gain antenna will be used in the TT&C (Telemetry, Tracking and Command) Subsystem of the satellite. During flybys where the instruments require specific pointing of the spacecraft, the MGAMA is used for communication and radio-science experiments, to investigate the geodetic and geophysical properties of Jupiter and its moons, in particular Ganymede.
The X & Ka-band Medium Gain Antenna is composed of the following main components:
The ARA includes the Main Reflector (MREF), the Sub-reflector (SREF) mounted on a thermally stable Tripod Struts Assembly and the structural frame (ARA Frame) which supports all these elements. The ARA frame supports in addition the Feed Assembly.
It joins the ARA with the APM, composed of the waveguide sections connecting the Feeder with the APM elevation Rotary Joint. It also supports the thermal protection. An MLI protects the boom against solar radiation.
They provide attachment points for the MGA in stowed/launching configuration to the S/C structure. The release system is a NEA and a bolt preloaded between two latches. Both latches of each HDRM are preloaded against the boom fittings and at the same time, the fittings of each boom are also preloaded between them due to the preload of the HDRM latch. There are two spherical surfaces in each contact between the latches and fittings and between adjacent fittings.
It is attached to the S/C structure and consists on a two axis electro-mechanism providing the required 2 degree-of-freedom (azimuth and elevation) and steerable capability to the MGA radiating element, in order to keep the MGA pointing towards Earth under the required S/C operational attitudes for scientific data download.
The APM provides as well angular position measurement capability in both azimuth and elevation rotational axes. The azimuth axis is driven by the GearHead Motor (GHM) geared to a rotating L bracket which supports the elevation actuator. The output of the elevation output bracket is linked to the MGAMA boom. Both azimuth and elevation GHMs are based on stepper motors with planetary reducers geared to the corresponding output brackets. An integrated X-band dual axis Rotary Joint Assembly (MGA-RJA) routes the RF energy through the APM in both TX and RX directions.
It provides the control functionality of the APM, receiving the movement commands ordered by the on-board S/C computer. Includes the control algorithms to follow the requested movement profiles, and returns the required telemetry containing MGA health and status information.
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